The modern NGOs of today rely heavily on the donations. Especially the NGOs in the developing economies like India is massively dependent on donations. The donors for the NGOs can be governmental bodies and some other private donors as well. The private donors can be national and also from any international location who are interested in the cause you are working for. The NGOs need to maintain a good relationship both with the government and the private donors wherever they are. The Relief India Trust always believes in keeping their donors up to date about all their social activities. This is important as the donors develop good trust in the NGO and donate regularly and consistently as well. The Relief India Trust is also lucky in this regard as they have a number of consistent and generous donors. But still the NGO is always in need of more and more donors to benefit the larger number of people living in our society.
How Relief India Trust and other NGOs should motivate their donors:
There are a number of ways in which Relief India Trust motivates the national and international donors to donate generously for the cause. Following are some of the ways in which the donors get motivated and get the awareness about the cause.
- Telling the donors in detail about your NGO and your social welfare work – All the NGOs are required to approach the donors by telling them in detail about the kind of social work you do. Tell them about your activities and the resources you need for such activities. The potential donors should also be told about that how you get the resources and how they are utilized.
- Making the potential donors mind to donate –The members of the NGO approaching the potential donors should try to exploit their sensitive side. The members should tell them about the miserable condition of the people and tell them how badly they need our support both financially and morally as well.
- Tell the potential donors about the existing donors – One way to motivate and encourage the potential donors is to tell them about the existing donors. This might give them the courage to show their big heart just as the other donors have done.
- Keeping check and balance –Tell your donors that they should also keep a good check and balance on the money that they have donated. The reputable NGOs like Relief India Trust give full authority to their donors to trace all their funds that they have donated to their NGO. The NGO should always tell in detail where they utilized each and every penny which has been donated by the donor.
- Where to Donate – There are a lot of donors who are not sure as where they should donate their money. A lot of them donate in the religious institutions and directly to some needy people. The members of the NGO should give them awareness of their cause and how they can help the poor and needy people in much organized manner.
Aims and Functions of NGO:
An NGO is a nonprofit organization which works for the betterment of humanity and the society overall. Every NGO has its specific aims and functions which distinguish it from the rest of the organizations. Further, it also enables the general public to know that what you are up to working as an NGO. Your donors are also part of the general public who at any time can contribute valuable donations for your NGO. What are the functions of NGO is not that matters. What should be the functions of NGO is all that matters. That’s what defines the mission statement of Relief India Trust.
NGO as a social service provider:
Relief India Trust is a social service provider which at times performs much better than the state government in case of any emergency situation. Any state government might not perform up to the mark, maybe they are unprepared for any emergency situation. On the other hand, an NGO is always prepared to tackle any unforeseen situation which can affect the humanity or the society at large. Actually, that’s what defines the functions of an NGO in case of any emergency situation. In most of the western countries, the NGOs work together with the state government having the common aims and objectives. ON the contrary, in Asia and other developing countries, government only provides financial aids to the NGOs in case of emergency situation. They don’t actually work in tandem having common aims and objectives. Further, the financial aid is not always consistent with the government and the NGO has to find their own way to arrange the resources in case of any crisis. This makes the work of NGOs in such developing countries even more difficult and that’s what the Relief India Trust has faced in the past.
Monitoring and Criticizing:
NGOs are always of the opinion that they should bring social change in the society wherever it is required. The NGOs can do so by monitoring the government policies and criticizing them where they feel something needs to be done the other way around. Such things can make an NGO to act against the government which can strain the relationship between both the parties. But this is not always the case. A lot of times when government has some critical international matters, they take the services of NGO to represent their case. NGOs as a non government organization make their presence felt and their voice heard by everyone without any restrictions. Therefore, such gestures by NGOs encourage a good relationship with the government, which helps the NGOs a lot when they need some resources from the government. At the same time, the NGOs need to be careful by not indulging too much into the political matters. Getting deep into political matters can dent the reputation of an NGO and it can lose its impression in the eyes of the donors. Essentially, the NGOs should try to keep a good balance when working in favor of the government.
Evolving Roles and Characteristics of NGO:
Leadership is a big job role when it comes to the characteristics and competencies of Relief India Trust. The role and characteristics of NGO leasers evolve from one NGO to the other and also from one region to the other. The reason for such evolving nature of the roles and characteristics are the circumstances which stood as the main challenge. There might be some easy regions for NGOs to work while some regions can be very tough due to the local challenges prevailing there. The competencies of Ngo leaders are well tested in pressure situations or exceptional conditions, such as working for the benefit of HIV/ AIDS victims.
Competencies and Characteristics:
Typical competencies of NGO leaders include the capacity of the NGO leader to effectively communicate the strategy and objectives of the organization, ability to inspire NGO teams and Co workers, ability to motivate individuals, identification of opportunities and transforming the plans into a workable model. The Relief India Trust management has noticed that the competencies of NGO leaders have a much broader range as compared to the private and corporate sector. Therefore, the leader’s job is much more challenging in NGOs then in the private and the corporate sector. There might be the reason that NGOs leaders’ performance is measured by their emotional maturity and their capability to mobilize the emotional intelligence that they possess. On the other hand, the corporate and the private sector has nothing to do with emotions as their sole aim of working is to generate revenue without getting emotional about anything related to their business.
NGOs Leader assessment tools:
Many NGOs working worldwide have introduced the assessment tools to determine the competency of the leaders. For example, a tool introduced by Red Cross contained 70 questions which were enough to reinforce the required qualities in the leaders of their organization. Similarly, in another organization, they introduced a set of standards for their leaders, which applies to all levels of their NGO. Further, these standards are independent of the location and the function they are used upon.
Qualities of Leaders:
Following are some of the core qualities which Relief India Trust believes that the leaders of NGOs should posses:
- The leaders should have a clear and definite vision which could give them a sturdy sense of assurance to help the poor and needy people irrespective of the location and challenges faced.
- The leaders should always show a willingness to learn any skill or tool. They should also show willingness in experimenting about a thing which hasn’t been done before by the NGO.
- The leaders are expected to have curiosity about the field he is working on and should try to explore things on his own.
- The leaders obviously should have excellent writing and interpersonal skills which differentiates him from the rest of the staff.
- The leader should be capable enough to maintain a balance between competing demands.
- The leader should also be able to absorb pressure given by different stakeholders.
The NGOs are known to play extremely critical role in different segments of disaster management and in eliminating the risk of any further disaster. Several times, it has been noted that the NGOs fail to achieve their goals in the occurrence of any disaster. It is mainly due to the reason that NGOs lack coordination with different stakeholders. These stakeholders can be the state government with their machinery resource which can be an extremely critical resource in a disaster occurrence. The need is to have effective communication among all the stakeholders, especially the state government for efficient disaster management and reconciliation process. The Relief India Trust has always been up to the mark meeting all its stakeholders’ requirements.
Roles and Responsibilities of NGOs in Disaster Management:
The relief India Trust with its powerful set of resources has always proved to be very efficient in managing and facilitating the affected people in all kinds of disasters, including earthquake, fire, floods, etc. Following are some of the roles and responsibilities which Relief India Trust always fulfills to encounter any unseen disaster or acting promptly in case of a disaster occurrence:
- NGOs are required to analyze the basic needs of the affected people in case of any kind of disaster.
- The disaster preparedness processes of the NGOs should be up to date and mature enough to manage any disaster.
- The NGOs are required to work hand in hand with the state government for effective and timely reconciliation of the people affected by any disaster.
- The NGOs should enormously participate as facilitators in the implementation of any state, government programs and policies for disaster management and risk mitigation.
Typical First Phase Response of Relief India Trust NGO in Disaster Management:
The response of an NGO in case of any emergency situation or disaster depends on the scale of the disaster. The NGOs always have to be ready with their Plan A, B and C to encounter any unforeseen emergency situation. In normal disastrous situation, people usually don’t have access to their homes and get in immediate need of shelter and food. The NGOs are required to facilitate them in every possible way. If they are not facilitated in time, then the situation might trigger a lot of viral diseases in the affected people which will result in another severe problem to counter by the NGO. In the first phase of disaster management, the Relief India Trust NGO has the following priorities in facilitating the affected people in a disaster occurrence:
- Water – Supply of clean water to the affected people is highly desirable and should be provided as quickly as possible. There should be a good water distribution system in the camp so that people could easily get access to the basic necessity of life.
- Sanitation – Sanitation facility is the next thing on the list for facilitating the affected people.
- Food Supply – Food should be supplied in an organized manner along with the cooking kits.
- Shelter – Shelter for the affected people is critical to protect them from severe weather.
- Medical Facility – Malaria and other viral diseases are very commonly triggered in the disaster camps and it requires services of a good medical staff to counter such diseases.
Fundraising is the most crucial step for the proper operation of the NGO. The Relief India Trust has been always lucky in this regard as they have good long term donors donating generously for the mission of the NGO. The board members of any NGO have a critical part to play in the fundraising campaigns. They know that which donors or government bodies should be approached in order to ask them for donations. Effective communication is a key element in this regard where only board members have the right ability and skills to approach or convince a donor. Following are some of the ingredients that the members of the board and the other staff should have in order to ensure that smooth donations are flowing in towards the NGO:
- Motivation – Motivation is a key not only in fundraising, but every other work that you want to do. Efforts without motivation can lead to incomplete or distorted results with a lot of discouragement and disbelief. The board member along with their lower staff should have periodic meetings discussing the importance of the financial resources and how to raise the fundraising campaigns for the NGO. The Relief India Trust has always encouraged its staff to actively participate in meetings but try to give to the point input regarding fundraising campaigns. The Relief India Trust also has a policy which encourages the staff to come up with an idea to the management any time when they feel like having one. Having periodic meetings between the board members and their subordinate can give them an opportunity to brainstorm together where one good idea would lead to another much better and mature idea. The management can also encourage lower staff by giving a motivational speech in the meeting room describing the importance of the funds needed for the organization. The board should also advise their subordinates to have realistic expectations in their campaigns for fundraising.
- Support –The founding members or the board of directors of the NGO can advise their board members to be very much involved with all the stakeholders of the NGO. The strategy for the relationship with the stakeholders should be reviewed and updated (as and when needed) on a weekly basis. The board of directors should assure their management of all the support they might need in their fundraising efforts for the NGO. The support assurance should also be given to the management, especially where they are having other resources and access problems with various donors, governmental officials and to different locations as well.
- Gratitude – Showing gratitude makes a big difference in NGOs too, as experienced by the Relief India Trust as well. The members dealing with the donors should always be very nice and thanking them for their efforts. This gratitude serves as a big opportunity for the NGO. The people who are inspired from the work would forward your cause to other potential donors as well. Thus, giving chances of having more funds coming towards your NGO.
Relief India Trust is a non-profit making organization that is based in India to help the society improve its quality of life by helping the poor and needy in times of despair and need. It is true that many people across the India and the rest of the world are with broken hearts as a result of various problems facing them. Philanthropy is the main concern for Relief India Trust as it organizes for various programs that are intended to bring change to the society and touch the lives of millions of people living in poverty among other problems.
The Trust works by lending a helping hand to the needy through various programs initiated by the professionals working in the organization. All the programs have been tailored to end suffering, prevent deaths and bring about a change in the quality of life giving hope to the children who make the future generation. The following are some of the programs organized by Relief India Trust in the quest to change people’s lives for the better;
Civil education and creation of awareness
You can say ignorance is a disease that has affected the society in a very bad way. Many ills in the society are brought about as a result of lack of knowledge in the people. Forums created by Relief India Trust are targeted to deal with this kind of problem by educating people on the importance of taking responsibility and using the available resources in the best way to tackle the problems facing the human race. With this kind of knowledge, the masses are enlightened on how to tackle the enemy within the society, thus promoting a better lifestyle for all people.
Relief India Trust has opened up various rehabilitation centers in different parts of the country and outside to help in nurturing productive members of the society. In the centers, many people are cared and attended to in the best way possible for them to become stable to support themselves and their families. Some groups of people in the society have been neglected and labeled social misfits, but Relief India Trust is here to enable such individuals get the best out of the lives and generally help the society in general.
There are many people in the society, not lucky enough to access medical services and facilities due to poverty among other challenges. Because every life matters, Relief India Trust has been on the forefront to provide medical help to the needy in the unreached areas of India. Medical camps are organized by the Trust to offer diagnosis, medical checkups and treatment of various conditions. The turn-out is ever increasing to such camps meaning the quality of service is great. Volunteer health workers are trained in various ways to carry out the services that are tailored towards achieving the goals of the organization.
There are many other services provided by Relief India Trust, including organizing funfair celebrations to cheer up sad children and members from poor and needy families. This includes taking the children on short trips and organizing birthday celebrations for them. This way, Relief India Trust has been able to mobilize many volunteers who have joined hands to ensure the society is a better place with equality and better quality of life.
A non government organization has a major role to play in our society these days. Their workload increases in case of any emergency situation or disaster. They have to deal with several government bodies and have to follow the code of conduct of the country where they are operating in. This requires them to be under scrutiny of a particular body or government, which can control or monitor their activities. This requires the NGOs like the Relief India Trust to get registered in order to operate under a certain code of law.
Benefits of Registering an NGO:
Registration of NGOs is very important, especially in countries like India where there are so many NGOs operating. It gives NGOs a legal existence in facts and can operate freely throughout the domain that they wish to cover. The Relief India Trust is a registered body and it enjoys the following benefits:
- The NGO exists legally in facts and in law as well. Where they are required to follow law, at the same time their rights and existence is also protected by law.
- The registration of an NGO gives them legal identity of the society where they are operating. The society is actually a lawful entity apart from the members.
- The registration of NGOs also gives all its members a legal status and identity. All members have their very own individual recognition and identity which is totally a spate thing from the society and any other member of it.
- One of the very important benefits enjoyed by the registered NGOs is that they can buy any property in their name. They have all the rights for property holding, acquiring and selling as any other citizen or business of that country has.
- Their legal status and existence gives them every right to sue any individual or a group and also have the liability to be sued.
- They also hold the right to take all benefits and advantages of income tax under the law.
Effects of Non Registration of NGOs:
According to the experience of Relief India Trust, following can be the effects if any NGO is not registered where they are operating:
- The non registered NGOs exist merely in facts and they have no real existence.
- The non registered NGO body is not a legal entity in the society where it wishes to operate.
- The society does not have any legal identity.
- The non registered NGOs are not allowed to buy or hold any kind of property on its name. If they do so that will be illegal in which they can be prosecuted. The only thing they do is to involve a third party to help them get some property but that further complicates the situation.
- They are not allowed to sue any third person as a society. Further, no action is maintainable against the society.
- They cannot get any income tax benefits.